Mouth Structure

Mouth Structure: Our mouth is one of the most central organs in the body: it is used by us for speaking, breathing, eating and drinking, and in fact without it we could not exist. But how is the mouth built? What are the different organs that are in it and what is their function?

The lips

‍This is the gate to the mouth, and an organ that helps put food in the mouth (for example, when we "pump" spaghetti noodles). Lips also allow us to pronounce syllables and make different sounds, and they also play a significant role in creating different facial expressions.

The teeth

‍One of the most important parts of the mouth, perhaps because an adult has 32 such. A child, before the natural replacement of his teeth, has a total of 20 teeth (deciduous teeth). The teeth, which are fixed to the jaws, help us grind the food before it reaches the internal parts of the digestive system, and they also allow us to produce certain sounds and syllables. The importance of teeth is so great that even in the distant past people used wooden dentures only to be able to chew the food and maintain the jaw structure.

The teeth develop in our body while we are still in our mother's womb, and begin to protrude a few months after birth.

First, the deciduous teeth will appear, which will fall out later and in their place will grow the permanent teeth – a process that can also end in the late teens and the process of maturation of the whole body.

The tooth is divided into two main parts: the tooth root and the crown (the part exposed to our eyes). The title itself consists of enamel, below which is the dentin and below it – the lint.

There are several types of teeth: The structure of the mouth

Grind teeth – designed to grind the food we chew
Cutting teeth – which are supposed to cut the food into small pieces
Fangs – are on the side of the incisors and perform the food
Wisdom teeth – develop at a relatively advanced age and are considered molars.

Teeth are white by nature, and a smile full of white teeth is considered a sign of beauty and grooming. As we age, our teeth turn yellower due to the processes of grinding, eating food, and smoking. As a result, many people undergo innovative cosmetic treatments for teeth whitening and pay a lot of money for it.

The gums

‍The gums are soft, pink-red tissue that envelops the teeth. The gums are supposed to protect the tooth – and especially the root of the tooth which is deep inside, and provides the tooth with stability and grip in the jaw (along with the connection between the root and the jawbone). Gingivitis can cause loosening and loss of tooth stability in the gums, which can cause many problems and even put patients in a situation where they need gum surgery.

Lower jaw

‍The iris bone is in the lower part of the mouth. It is not directly attached to the skull, but with the help of a cartilaginous joint that allows it to move – and for us to perform the speech act. In fact, the lower jaw is the only one that moves during the activity of the mouth. The lower teeth are fixed on the lower jaw.

Upper jaw

‍The upper jaw is actually part of the skull and is located in its lower area. It is attached to the lower jawbone with the help of the jaw joint, but in fact, does not move at all during oral activity. The upper jaw "hosts" the upper teeth, and above it are the maxillary sinuses, which can be painful and damaged due to health problems in the upper jaw teeth, due to the physical proximity. In some cases, sinus lift surgery is necessary, as a preliminary procedure before performing a dental implant.

The tongue

‍A boneless and fairly strong muscle, which is fixed to the base of the oral cavity. Language has several important roles, including aiding the speech process, making voices, participating in the process of eating and chewing, and of course – giving the ability to sense tastes. In the language of many taste buds, which make it a central organ in the expression of this sense. There are quite a few grooves incised on the tongue, in which food residues may "hide", which over time will become bacterial colonies. Therefore it is worthwhile to brush not only the teeth but also to invest in massive brushing of the tongue.


Mouth Structure Mouth Structure

These are two lymph organs that are located in the back of the mouth, right at the beginning of the larynx. To this day it is not clear what their specific function is, but it is speculated that these are organs that help the body's immune system. Sometimes a third tonsil, an adenoid, may develop in the mouth, which usually causes health effects, and is therefore usually removed by simple surgery.

The palate

Mouth Structure Mouth Structure

This is the upper part of the mouth, which actually separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity that is just above it. The palate is divided into two – the hard palate, where there are also bones, and the soft palate, which is made of muscle. The palate plays an important role in creating sounds and consonants while speaking and is also the one responsible for closing the nasal passages when swallowing.

The Inbal

‍Soft tissue that hangs from the back of the mouth. Like almonds, the role of the Inbal is not yet completely clear, but some claim that it plays an important role in producing words.

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